India has always been rich in its cultural heritage and monuments. Not to mention India is also a home to a few massive and majestic forts. These forts have played a very significant role in the history of our country.
Below are a few Forts which you must visit once in your lifetime.
1. The Red Fort( Laal Killa):
The Red Fort is a historical fort in the city of Delhi. It was the main residence of the Emperors of the Mughal Dynasty for nearly 200 years, until 1857. It is located in the center of Delhi and houses a number of museums. In addition to accommodating the emperors and their households, it was the ceremonial and political centre of the Mughal state and the setting for events critically impacting the region.Constructed in 1639 by the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as the palace of his fortified capital Shahjahanbad the Red Fort is named for its massive enclosing walls of red sandstones and is adjacent to the older Salimgarh Fort, built by Islam Shah Suri in 1546. The imperial apartments consist of a row of pavilions, connected by a water channel known as the Stream of Paradise
2. Gwalior Fort:
Gwalior Fort is an 8th-century hill fort near Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh The fort consists of a defensive structure and two main palaces, Gujari Mahal and Man Mandir, built by Maan Singh Tomar. The fort has been controlled by a number of different rulers in its history. The Gujari Mahal palace was built for Queen Mrignayani. It is now an archaeological museum. The oldest record of Zero in the world was found in a small temple, which is located on the way to the top. The inscription is around 1500 years old.
3. Murud Janjira Fort:
A massive fortress in the middle of the sea. Heard about it? Yes that is the Murud Janjira Fort. Murud-Janjira Fort is situated on an oval-shaped rock off the Arabian Sea coast near the port town of Murud. Janjira is considered one of the strongest marine forts in India. The fort is approached by sailboats from Rajapuri jetty.The main gate of the fort faces Rajapuri on the shore and can be seen only when one is about 40 feet (12 m) away from it. It has a small gate towards the open sea for escape. The fort has 26 rounded bastions, still intact. There are many cannons of native and European make rusting on the bastions. Now in ruins, the fort in its heyday was a full-fledged living fort with all the necessary facilities, e.g., palaces, quarters for officers, mosque, two small 60-foot-deep natural fresh water lakes. On the outer wall flanking the main gate, there is a sculpture depicting a tiger-like beast clasping elephants in its claws.
4. Jhansi Fort:
Once, the stronghold of Chandela Kings, Jhansi Fort in Uttar Pradesh is one of its kinds when it comes to architecture. Built on a hill, Jhansi fort has sturdy granite walls that are 16-20 feet thick and on the south side meet the city walls. There are as many as 10 gates that offer access to the fort. Shiva temple, Ganesh temple at the entrance, and the Kadak Bijli cannon, which was used in the uprising of 1857, Rani Jhansi Garden, Dargah of Ghulam Gaus Khan, Moti Bai and Khuda Baksh are the major attractions of Jhansi Fort. The fort sprawls in a land of 15 acres (61,000 m2) and measures 312m in length and 225m in width. Like other forts, Jhansi fort has also been a witness to the glorious era of Chandelas and as well as their defeat.
5. Jaigarh Fort:
Jaigarh Fort is situated on the promontory called the Cheel ka Teela aka Hill of Eagles of the Aravalli rang, it overlooks the Amber Mahal and the Maota Lake. The fort was built by Jai Singh II in 1726 to protect the Amber Fort and its palace complex and was named after him. The fort, rugged and similar in structural design to the Amber Mahal, is also known as Victory Fort. It has a length of 3 kilometres along the north–south direction and a width of 1 kilometre. The fort features a cannon named “Jaivana”, which was manufactured in the fort precincts and was then the world’s largest cannon on wheels. A special attraction of this fort are 3 gigantic cannons named Kalalbangdi, Chavri and Landa Kasam. These cannons were said to be feared for their shooting range. Another gate to the west is sea-facing, called ‘Darya Darwaza’.