A fort is a fortified building at a strategic position. But these massive forts were not just buildings, but palaces and castles to the Kind and Queens of this country. These forts have played a major role in the history of our country. They hold a significant value even today.
Here are a the top 5 forts in India:
1.The Amer Fort (Amber Mahal):
Topping the charts is this beautiful fort which is situated 11 kilometers from Jaipur. This is one of the most popular and famous forts in Rajasthan and in India. This was actually the capital before Jaipur. Built in the year 1592 by Raja Man Singh. It is also very popularly known as the Amer Palace. The Amer Fort was built in red sandstone and marble and the Maotha Lake adds a certain charm to the entire Fort. Though it is quite old and may even look so from the outside, it is beautiful on the inside and boasts of various buildings of prominence like the ‘Diwan-i-Aam’, the ‘Sheesh Mahal’ and even the ‘Sukh Mahal’. The Amer Fort has influences of both Hindu and Muslim architecture. It also has the ‘Shila Devi’ Temple and the ‘Ganesh Pol’ which is a gate that leads to the private palaces of the kings. The Amer Fort has many pavilions and halls of great interest and other popular attractions.
2. Mehrangarh Fort:
Perched on a cliff called Bahuchiriya, Mehrangarh is a royal fort in Jodhpur. Literally meaning ‘The Sun Fort’, Mehrangarh is indeed one of the most popular big forts in India. Built around 1460 by Rao Jodha, the great monument is situated 410 feet (125 m) above the city and is enclosed by imposing thick walls. Inside its boundaries there are several palaces known for their intricate carvings and expansive courtyards. A winding road leads to and from the city below. The imprints of the impact of cannonballs fired by attacking armies of Jaipur can still be seen on the second gate. To the left of the fort is the dome pavilion of Kirat Singh Soda, a soldier who fell on the spot defending the Mehrangarh fort. The fort is guarded by 7 massive gates, which include Jayapol, built by Maharaja Man Singh to commemorate his victories over Jaipur, Udaipur and Bikaner armies. Fattehpol gate was built by Maharaja Ajit Singh to mark the defeat of the Mughals. The palm imprints upon these still attract much attention. This colossal monument led writers Rudyard Kipling saying that it is not a work of men but giants!
The Chittorgarh Fort seated on a 180-metre hill, covers an expanse of 700 acres . It was constructed by the Mauryans in the 7th century AD. There is also a belief that it was constructed by Bhima of the Pancha Pandavas. It was the citadel of many great Indian warriors such as Gora, Badal, Rana Kumbha, Maharana Pratap, Jaimal, Patta, etc. Area wise, Chittor Fort is the largest fort of India. It is also one of the grandest forts of Rajasthan. The gigantic monument lies at a distance of 112 km from Udaipur near the Gambheri River in Chittorgarh. It extends 3 km in length and 13 km in peripheral length, covering a total area of 700 acres. The fort has a colossal structure with various well-designed palaces inside, along with huge towers and splendid cenotaphs. It has many temples inside its premises, and also is a home to various poles also known as Stambhs, Kirti Stambh and Vijay Stambh are a few well known ones.
4. Golconda Fort:
Not just a fort but also an archaeological treasure on the official “List of Monuments.” Golkonda, also known as Golconda, Gol konda (“Round shaped hill”), or Golla konda, is a citadel and this monument in Southern India and was the capital of the medieval sultanate of the Qutb Shahi dynasty (c.1518–1687), is situated 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) west of Hyderabad. The region is known for the mines that have produced some of the world’s most famous gems, including the Kohinoor, the Hope Diamond and the Nassak Diamond.
5. Daulatabad Fort:
Not just a massive fort but it is one of a kind a Triangular monument and tops the charts as one of the wonders of India. Daulatabad also known as Devagiri, is a town which includes the Devagiri-Daulatabad fort. It is a 14th-century fort city in Maharashtra state of India, about 16 kilometres ahead of Aurangabad. The place was originally named Devagiri when it was an important uplands city along caravan routes in the 6th century AD, but the intervening centuries have reduced it to a village. However it is also considered to be one of the seven wonders of Maharashtra and a developing tourist spot. The historical triangular monument Daulatabad was built by first Yadav king Bhilan in 1187. Starting 1327, it famously remained the capital of Tughluq Dynasty, under Muhammad Bin Tughluq , who also changed its name, and forcibily moved the entire population of Delhi for two years before it was abandoned for lack of water and Tughluq was constantly known to shift the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad and Daulatabad to Delhi.